Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery, with illegal smuggling and trading of people, for forced labor or sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, its impact goes beyond individual victims; it undermines the safety and security of all nations it touches. As a global organization, United Nations leads all country to combat on it, including the United States.

In this global era, it’s not that surprising that the role of technology is amazingly impacted on human trafficking. Human trafficking nowadays is thought become more profitable and has a lower risk of being detected than drug trafficking. In fact, some trafficking cases start with the offender contacting the potential victims on social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. The techniques used by the offenders to gain trust vary widely, including expressing love and admiration of the victim, promising to make the victim a star, and offering for a job. However, this human trafficking isn’t just limited on sex-based trafficking, but something like forced labor or services, the removal of organs might be the reasons.

Therefore, most of the victims are developing countries’ citizen. They are being easily victimized in human trafficking because they are lacked of knowledge regarding the use of digital technology for human trafficking. It is important for the government to give more information to their citizen regarding to the digital technology. UN has made an organization, such as NGO. Its job is to strengthening their monitoring on the use of digital technology for human trafficking, especially in developing countries. Differ with it, developed countries such Unites States has their own regulation to monitor the use of digital technology in human trafficking. But, it is hard to monitoring it well because it needs other countries’ help and cooperation too.

However, UN can strive for its goal. If controlling everything in internet is such an impossible, there are supposed to be many way to get it to the goal. One of the ways is raising awareness among people in the developing countries about the danger of the use of digital technology in human trafficking. It could be done by making a strong bonding and cooperation between UN and all Nations worldwide. In each country, there’s supposed to be a smaller UN’s body concern on the smaller area. So, the raising awareness can be more concern. Raising awareness of this crime, public and private anti-trafficking partners can mount a coordinated, comprehensive public awareness campaign to improve awareness of human trafficking amongst the general public.

Therefore, there should be specific conventions to control and monitor the use of digital technology. It will be more well-done the conventions are being done continually. So, every nation can discuss and resolute this problem better and the implementation of current and future conventions can be monitored, because it is held continually. Technically, it hard to be explained how to controlling the uses of technology in human trafficking, but I think that so many IT expert that can block some of the digital activity related to it.

United States is one of the countries that very impactful in the human trafficking. Although that the United States is a developed country, but in fact there’s still so many cases related to the human trafficking. In fact, the United States is one of the top destination countries for trafficking in persons. Some say that United States is the center of human trafficking, because so many trafficked go there and so many available traffickers there too. In reality, it is estimated that 14,500 to 17,500 people, primarily women and children, are trafficked to the U.S. annually. A state such California is the state with a significant immigrant population and the world’s ninth largest economy. It is one of the na­tion’s top destination states for trafficking human beings. Internationally, the U.S. has initiated many anti-trafficking and development programs to assist countries to combat this ever-growing phenomenon.

That’s why the U.S. Government has taken a number of serious and significant actions to combat trafficking occurring at home. A few examples of United States’ efforts include:

■ Congress passed legislation so Americans who sexually prey on children abroad can be prosecuted and sentenced to as many as 30 years in prison.

■ The Department of Justice has focused on increasing the number of trafficking victims rescued and the number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers.

■ The Department of Defense has implemented a zero-tolerance stand against any actions by Defense personnel that contribute to human trafficking and is instituting a service-wide mandatory training program.

■ The Departments of Labor and Homeland Security, USAID, and other government agencies are executing action plans to combat human trafficking.

In fact, White House family has their own annual program called Clinton Global Initiative (CGI). It invites many individual and organizations to come and discuss to end global trafficking. As President Barack Obama said,”It ought to concern every person, because it’s a debasement of our common humanity. It ought to concern every community, because it tears at the social fabric. It ought to concern every business, because it distorts markets. It ought to concern every nation, because it endangers public health and fuels violence and organized crime. I’m talking about the injustice, the outrage, of human trafficking, which must be called by its true name – modern slavery.”

In case of human trafficking is transnational in nature, partnerships between countries are critical to win the fight against modern-day slavery. The U.S. is reaching out to other countries in a number of important ways:

■ In a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. raised the issue.

■ The State Department is working extensively with governments on action plans for prevention, protection of victims, and prosecution.

■ Congress last year strengthened anti-trafficking legislation and provided more than $70 million in funding world-wide for efforts to end slavery. The U.S. is providing money around the world for:

 

• Rehabilitation and work training centers for victims

• Special housing shelters for victims

• Law enforcement training and legal reform assistance

• Information and awareness campaigns

• Voluntary repatriation for displaced victims

• Training for immigration officials, medical personnel and social workers

• Combating sex tourism

• Rescuing victims from slave-like situations

 

Nowadays United Nation have to more concern on Interned-based crime, one of the key components of the law is the creation of the data from the Human Trafficking Reporting System, including Trafficking in Persons Report. It is personal reports that affect much on the combating. For example, during a hearing of the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security in 2010, lawmakers voiced significant concern about advertisements for sex trafficking on online classified-advertisement sites had removed all adult service sections from its site world­wide. But the problem remains is that still so many sites are unblocked, it is citizen’s job to avoiding on it. So, UN should have a body locally, worldwide based on technology reporting system.

In conclusion, nowadays there should be a strong bonding between all countries to fight human trafficking based on technology report system. So, UN and all countries can help each other.

Rizki Akbar Sentosa and Meranti Fc. B

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